Haruna I Opaluwa, Felix O Oyibo, Fatai A Jimoh


The determinants of food securityamong farming households in Akure North Local Government Area of Ondo State, Nigeria is the main focus of this study.It specifically described the socioeconomiccharacteristics of the farming households, analyzed the food security situation of the respondents and estimated the determinants of food security among the households in the study area. Structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 109farming householdswho were selected by a three stage random sampling technique. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Food security index, FGT and Binary Logit regression model. Findings of the study showed a young vibrant farming population, relatively literate and engaged in small scale farming. The outcome of the study also indicated that majority (80percent) of the respondents were food insecure consuming less than the recommended daily calories intake of 2260kcal. Food secure households in the study area exceeded the calorie requirement by 69% while the food insecure households fell short of the recommended calorie intake by 37%.The result of the Logit regression revealed that education, household size, farm size and total household income were the statistically significant variables affecting the food security of the farming households in the study area. These coefficients have values of1.490, - 0.021, 0.264 and 0.000 respectively. It was recommended that Government should provide an integrated approach that promotes formal education among farming households to enhance their farm production activities.There is also a need to promote large scale farming in the area. It was further recommended that enlightenment programmes on nutrition and birth control measure should be directed at the farming households in the study area. This will help to check the consumption of unbalanced diets and uncontrolled child births respectively.


Food; Security; Households; Ondo; State

Full Text:



Ajibola, O. 2000. Institutional Analysis of the National Food Storage Programme Research Report, 23 Development Policy Centre, Ibadan

Akinsanmi, A. and W. Doppler (2005), “Socio-Economics and Food Security of Farming Families in South East Nigeria”, Paper Presented at Tropentag, 2005 Conference on International Agricultural Research and Development, University of Hohenheim, Stuttgart, Germany.

Ali, M.S.S., Majika, A., Salman, D. 2017 Food consumption and production in Tempe Lake, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. J.Asian Rur. Stud. 1(1): 43- 45

Amaza, P.S., T. Abdoulaye, P. Kwaghe, and A. Tegbaru. 2009. Changes in household food security and poverty status in PROSAB area of southern Borno State, Nigeria. IITA, Ibadan, Nigeria. 84 pp.

Arene, C. J. and Anyaeji, J. 2010. Determinants of Food Security among Households in Nsukka Metropolis of Enugu State, Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences 30(1): 9 - 16.

Babatunde, R. O., Omotosho, O. A. and Sholatan, O. S. 2007. Socio-economic Characteristics and Food Security of Farming Household in Kwara State, North Central Nigeria. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 6(1):49-58.

Cornelius M.E., Kabiru U. and Oluwaseun A.O. 2015. Impact of Fadama III Project on the Food Security Status of Beneficiary and Non Beneficiary Farmers in Kabba/ Bunu LGA, Kogi State.

Duffuor, k.,2011. Budget speech: Budget statement and policy of the Government of Ghana for the fiscal year 2011, minister of Finance and Economic Planning,Area,Ghana,pp:1-49

FAO, 2006. food and Agricultural Organisation,the state of food insecurity in the world,2005.Rome,pp:2

Idrisa, Y.L., Gwary. M.M. and Shehu H. 2008. Analysis of food security status among farming households. Journal of Tropical Agriculture, Food, Environment and Extension 7 (3): 199 - 205.

Kayunze, K. A. (2008). HIV/AIDs and food security in Rufiji District Tanzania. Thesis for award of PhD degree at Sokoine University of Agriculture Morogoro, Tanzania. 258pp.

Kuwornu, J.K.M, Sulryman D.M and Amegashire D.P.K. 2013. Analysis of Food Security Status of Farming Households in the Forest Belt of the Central Region of Gahana. Russain Journal of Agriculture and Scio-Economic Science 1(13) pp 26-42.

Maxwell, D. and Wiebe, K. 1998. Land Tenure and Food Security: A Review of Concepts, Evidence and Methods, Research Paper No 129, Madison: University of Wisconsin.

Najafi, B. 2003. An Overview of Current Land Utilization Systems and Their Contribution to Agricultural Productivity. Report of the APO Seminar on Impact of Land Utilization Systems on Agricultural Productivity. Productivity Organization, Islamic Republic of Iran Asian.

NFSP (2001). Easy Route to Food Availability. Available at

Obayelu, A. E. 2010. Classification of households into food security status in the North-Central Nigeria: An application of Rasch Measurement Model Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 5 (3): 26 - 41.

Oguntona, E. B. and Akinyele, I. O. 1995. Nutrient Composition of Commonly Eaten Foods in Nigeria- Raw, Processed and Prepared. Food Basket Publication Series, Ibadan, Nigeria. P131.

Olayemi, A. O. (2012). E_ects of family size on household food security in Osun State, Nigeria, Asian Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development 2(2): 136-141.

Omuemu, V. O., Otasowie, E. M. and Onyiriuka, U. (2012). Prevalence of food insecurity in Egor local government area of Edo State, Nigeria, Annals of African Medicine 11(3): 139-145.

Orewa, S. I. and C. O. Iyangbe. 2009. “Household Food Insecurity In Nigeria: An Assessment Of The Present Status Of Protein – Energy Malnutrition Among Rural And Low-Income Urban Households.” Journal of Applied Sciences Research 5(10): 1615–1621.

Orewa, S. I. and Iyangbe, C. (2010). The struggle against hunger: the victims and the food security strategies adopted in adverse conditions,World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 6(6): 740_745.

Romuld, S. And Sandham, J. 1996. Gender issues and Farming Systems research and extension in Ethiopia, Proceedings of the international workshop. Institute of Agriculture Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

website hit counters