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Author Guidelines


(Version 2017)


This template is designed to assist Author in preparing manuscript; it is an exact representation of the format expected by the editor (Download: [IJAS] Template for Preparation Manuscript). To use this template, please just Save As this MS Word file to your document, then copy and paste your document here. To copy and paste the text to this template document, please use “Special Paste” and choose “Unformated Text”. All papers submitted to the journal should be written in good English. Authors for whom English is not their native language are encouraged to have their paper checked or proof read before submission for grammar and clarity. English language and copyediting services can be provided by: International Science Editing and Asia Science Editing. The work should not have been published or submitted for publication elsewhere.  

Scientific articles dealing agriculture systems are welcome. The journal encompasses research articles, original research report, reviews, short communications and scientific commentaries in agriculture sciences in broad term including agriculture, fisheries, animal husbandry, forestry and agriculture socio-economics.


Guideline for Online Submission

Author should first register as Author and/or is offered as Reviewer through the following address:

Author should fulfil the form as detail as possible where the star marked form must be entered. After all form textbox was filled, Author clicks on “Register” button to proceed the registration. Therefore, Author is brought to online author submission interface where Author should click on “New Submission”. In the Start a New Submission section, click on “’Click Here’: to go to step one of the five-step submission process”. The following are five steps in online submission process:

  1. Step 1 - Starting the Submission: Select the appropriate section of journal, i.e. Original Research Articles or Review Article. Thus, author must check-mark on the submission checklists.
  2. Step 2 – Uploading the Submission: To upload a manuscript to this journal, click Browse on the Upload submission file item and choose the manuscript document file to be submitted, then click Upload button. 
  3. Step 3 – Entering Submission’s Metadata: In this step, detail authors metadata should be entered including marked corresponding author. After that, manuscript title and abstract must be uploaded by copying the text and paste in the textbox including keywords.
  4. Step 4 – Uploading Supplementary Files: Supplementary file should be uploaded including Covering/Submission Letter, and Signed Copyright Transfer Agreement Form. Therefore, click on Browse button, choose the files, and then click on Upload button.
  5. Step 5 – Confirming the Submission:  Author should final check the uploaded manuscript documents in this step. To submit the manuscript to IJAS journal, click Finish Submission button after the documents is true. The corresponding author or the principal contact will receive an acknowledgement by email and will be able to view the submission’s progress through the editorial process by logging in to the journal web address site. 

After this submission, Authors who submit the manuscript will get a confirmation email about the submission. Therefore, Authors are able to track their submission status at anytime by logging in to the online submission interface. The submission tracking includes status of manuscript review and editorial process.


Author Fee (Page Charge)

International Journal of Agriculture System (IJAS) is an open access international journal. All manuscript submission to IJAS is without publication charges to authors (free).

Readers can read and download any full-text articles for free of charge. 


Guideline for Preparing Manuscript

Manuscript should be typed using word processors (Microsoft Word or Open Office) software. The font used throughout the paper  is Times New Roman. The paper size is A4 (i.e., 210 x 297 mm), two-column format (i.e., 85 mm each) with a 2.5 cm margin at the top, a 2.5 cm margin at the bottom, 2.5 cm margin on the left, and 2 cm margin on the right. Lines are one-half spaced, justified. Page numbers should be included in the text located in footer section of each page. Use of pronouns such as I, we etc is to be avoided.

Manuscript submitted to this journal should follow the heading below, except for the review article: Title; Authors Name; Authors Affiliation; Abstract; Keywords; Introduction; Materials and Methods; Results and Discussion; Conclusions; Acknowledgments; and References.  


Title (16pt, Times New Roman bold)

This is your opportunity to attract the reader’s attention. Remember that readers are the potential authors who will cite your article. Identify the main issue of the paper. Begin with the subject of the paper. The title should be accurate, unambiguous, specific, and complete. Do not contain infrequently-used abbreviations. Number of word in title is no more than 12 words.

The title of the paper should be in 16 pt bold Times New Roman and be centered. The title should have 0 pts space above and 12 pts below.



The Ecological Potential of Wild Orchids for in situ and exsitu Conservation of Rare Species in Enrekang, South Sulawesi, Indonesia Ñ16pt, Times New Roman, bold


1.   Authors Name and Affiliations

Write Author(s) names without title and professional positions such as Prof, Dr, Production Manager, etc. Do not abbreviate your last/family name. Always give your First and Last names. If you have one word name such as Arsyad, write Arsyad Arsyad. Write clear affiliation of all Authors. Affiliation includes: name of department/unit, (faculty), name of university, address, country. Please indicate Corresponding Author (include email address) behind the name.

Author names should be in 12 pt Times Roman bold with 12 pts above and 12 pts below. Author addresses are superscripted by numerals and centered over both columns of manuscripts. Author affiliations should be in 12 pt Times Roman. The body of the text should commence 2 lines (24 points) below the last address. 


Rinaldi Sjahril (Corresponding author)

Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Hasanuddin University,

Makassar, South Sulawesi, 90245, Indonesia Ñ12pt.

Tel: +62-411587064 Fax: +62-411587064 E-mail: rsjahril@yahoo.comÑ12pt, italic.


Abstract ¬ 12pt, Times New Roman bold

The abstract should be clear, concise, and descriptive. This abstract should provide a brief introduction to the problem, objective of paper, followed by a statement regarding the methodology and a brief summary of results. The abstract should end with a comment on the significance of the results or a brief conclusion. Abstracts are written in 12 pt Times New Roman, preferably not more than 300 words.


Keywords:  ¬ 12pt, Times New Roman bold

Maximum of 5 keywords separated by semicolon (;), crucial to the appropriate indexing of the papers, are to be given. eg: Wild orchid; ecology conservation; important value; diversityindex.


Introduction ¬ 12pt, Times New Roman bold

The introduction part (recommended length: 500-1000 words) gives the reader and enticing glimpse of what is to come. It must grab teh reader’s attention by stimulating attention, interest, desire and action. In other words, the introduction must effectively “sell” the manuscript.

The introduction generally consists of: a broad statement about theme or topic of the study; summary of available literatures and cites the most important studies that are relevant to the current research; statement about controversies, gaps, inconsistencies in the literature that the current study will address; statement about problems/questions to be addressed in the study or objectives of the study. You can also state at the end of introduction outline of the structure of the rest of the article.


Materials and Methods ¬ 12pt, Times New Roman bold

Materials and methods section (recommended: 500-1000 words) describes materials used in research and steps followed in the execution of the study. A brief  justification for the method used is also stated so the readers can evaluate the appropriateness of the method, reliability and validity of the results.


Results and Discussion ¬ 12pt, Times New Roman bold

Results should be clear and concise. The results should summarize (scientific) findings rather than providing data in great detail. Please highlight differences between your results or findings and the previous publications by other researchers.

 The discussion should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them.Separation or combination of Results and Discussion section is accepted. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.

In discussion, it is the most important section of your article. Here you get the chance to sell your data. Make the discussion corresponding to the results, but do not reiterate the results. Often should begin with a brief summary of the main scientific findings (not experimental results). The following components should be covered in discussion: How do your results relate to the original question or objectives outlined in the Introduction section (what)? Do you provide interpretation scientifically for each of your results or findings presented (why)? Are your results consistent with what other investigators have reported (what else)? Or are there any differences? 

1 .    Tables

Tables are sequentially numbered with the table title and number above the table. Tables should be centered in the column OR on the page. Tables should be followed by a line space (12pt). Elements of a table should be single-spaced, however double spacing can be used to show groupings of data or to separate parts within the table.  Table headings should be in 10pt bold. Tables are referred in the text by the table number. eg: Table 1. Do not show vertical line in the table. There is only horizontal line should be shown within the table.


2.   Figures

Figures are sequentially numbered commencing at 1 with the figure title and number below the figure as shown in Figure 1. Detailed recommendations for figures are as follows:

Ensure that figures are clear and legible with typed letterings.

Black & white or colored figures are allowed.

If a figure spans two columns, it should be placed at the top or bottom of a page.

Hard copy illustrations should, preferably, be scanned and included in the electronic version of the submission in an appropriate format as follows:

-     BMP - Microsoft bitmap file

-     WMF - Windows Metafile Format

-     EPS - Encapsulated Postscript

  • If figures cannot be scanned, the original should be placed in its location within the manuscript using wax or colorless glue. 
  • The following files are permissible:

-     Microsoft Graph

-     Microsoft Draw

Figure 1 shows an included Microsoft Draw object. 


3.   Equations

Equations should be numbered serially within parentheses as shown in Equation (1). Equation should be prepared using MS Equation Editor (not in image format). The equation number is to be placed at the extreme right side.


4.   Units, Abbreviations and Symbols

Metric units are preferred. Define abbreviations and symbols at the first time as they are introduced in the text.


Conclusions ¬ 12pt, Times New Roman bold

Conclusions should answer the objectives of research. Tells how your work advances the field from the present state of knowledge. Without clear Conclusions, reviewers and readers will find it difficult to judge the work, and whether or not it merits publication in the journal. Do not repeat the Abstract, or just list experimental results. Provide a clear scientific justification for your work, and indicate possible applications and extensions. You should also suggest future works and/or policy implication.


Acknowledgment¬ 12pt, Times New Roman bold

Recognize those who helped in the research, especially funding supporter of your research. Include individuals who have assisted you in your study: Advisors, Financial supporters, or may other supporter i.e. Proofreaders, Typists, and Suppliers who may have given materials. 


References¬ 12pt, Times New Roman bold

Cite the main scientific publications on which your work is based. Cite only items that you have read. Do not inflate the manuscript with too many references. Avoid excessive self‐citations. Avoid excessive citations of publications from the same region. Check each reference against the original source (authors name, volume, issue, year, DOI Number). Please use Reference Manager Applications like EndNote, Mendeley, Zotero, etc. Use other published articles in the same journal as models.

All publications cited in the text should be included as a list of references. References arelisted alphabetically. Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in full. Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either “Unpublished results” or “Personal communication”. Citation of a reference as 'in print' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.

References in the text should be in full if they have one or two authors (e.g.: Jusoff, 2013; Jusoff and Arsyad, 2013); in the case of more than three or multiple authors they should be cited as Jusoff et al. (2013) or (Jusoff et al., 2013). Full References should be provided in the References section.

Journal Articles: 

Ouyang, D., J. Bartholic and J. Selegean. (2005). Assessing Sediment Loading from Agricultural Croplands in the Great Lakes Basin. Journal of American Science, 1(2): 14-21. 

Arsyad, M. and S. Yusuf. (2008). Assessing the Impact of Oil Prices and Interest Rates Policies: the case of Indonesian Cocoa. Ryukoku Journal of Economic Studies, 48(1):65-92.


A Book: 

Durbin, R., S.R. Eddy, A. Krogh and G. Mitchison. (1999). Biological Sequence Analysis: Probabilistic Models of Proteins and Nucleic Acids. Cambridge University Press. 


A Chapter in a Book: 

Leach, J. (1993). Impacts of the Zebra Mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) on Water Quality and Fish Spawning Reefs of Western Lake Erie. In Zebra Mussels: Biology, Impacts and Control, Eds., Nalepa, T. and D. Schloesser. Ann Arbor, MI: Lewis Publishers, pp: 381-397.


A Report: 
Makarewicz, J.C., T. Lewis and P. Bertram. (1995). Epilimnetic Phytoplankton and Zooplankton Biomass and Species Composition in Lake Michigan, 1983-1992. U.S. EPA Great Lakes National Program, Chicago, IL. EPA 905-R-95-009. 


Conference Proceedings: 
Stock, A. (2004). Signal Transduction in Bacteria. In the Proceedings of the 2004 Markey Scholars Conference, pp: 80-89.


A Thesis: 
Arsyad, M. (2010). The Dynamics of Cocoa Smallholders in Indonesia: An Application of Path Analysis for Poverty Reduction. Ph.D. Thesis, Ryukoku University, Kyoto.



Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. Authors submitting a manuscript do so on the understanding that if accepted for publication, copyright of the article shall be assigned to International Journal of Agriculture System


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