Environmental Pollution: Assessing the Criminal Liability of Corporations

Hariman Satria


The Supreme Court sentenced PT Dongwoo Enviromental Indonesia (PT DEI) for disposing of hazardous and toxic wastes polluting the environment. Meanwhile, PT Adei Plantation & Industry (PT API) was charged with crime for the destruction of land damaging the environment. The research method used is normative legal research, which focuses on two approaches: case approach and conceptual approach. The results show that, first, PT DEI and PT API are charged criminally represented by the board as functioneel daderschap or directing mind and will. Second, PT DEI is charged with subsidized charges, while PT API is charged to alternative charges. Third, PT DEI and PT API are said to have committed a criminal act because management either the directors or regular employees commits a criminal offense for and on behalf of the corporation or in favor of the corporation. Fourth, to prove a corporation fault is through the aggregation of management mistakes or controlling personnel or regular employees in the corporation structure. Fifth, the principal penalty imposed on PT DEI is a fine of Rp 1.500,000,000. Similarly, PT API is fined Rp 650.000.000. Sixth; PT DEI is charged to additional crime in the form of deprivation of profits and closure of the company while PT API is an improvement due to crime. Seventh, with the closing of the company, the judges did not order the executors to liquidate the assets of PT DEI. Eighth, the imposition of the company's closing sanctions should take into account the impacts, such as the termination of employee relation and the interests of shareholders.


Corporation; Environmental Crime; Environmental Pollution; Punishment

Full Text:



Brodowski, D., and Manuel Espinoza de la Parra (Ed). (2014). Regulating Corporate Criminal Liability. New York and London: Springer.

Clarckson and Keating (2007). Criminal Law: Text and Material. London: Thomson Sweet & Maxwell.

Dobson, P. (2008). Criminal Law. London: Thomson Sweet and Maxwell.

Hamzah, A. (2016). Penegakan Hukum Lingkungan. Bandung: Alumni.

Jan Remmelink. (2003). Hukum Pidana: Komentar atas Pasal-Pasal Terpenting dari Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana Belanda & Padanannya Dalam Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana Indonesia. Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Kuffal, H.M.A. (2007). Penerapan KUHAP Dalam Praktik Hukum. Malang: UMM Press.

Lafave, W.R. (2003). Principle of Criminal Law. New York: West A Thomson Reuters Bussines.

Laufer, W.S. (2006). Corporate Bodies & Guilty Mind: The Failure of Corporate Criminal Liability. London: The University of Chicago Press.

Marzuki, P.M. (2014). Penelitian Hukum. Jakarta: Kencana Pernada Media.

McLeod, T.I. (1999). Legal Theory. London: Macmillan.

Muladi and Priyatno, D. (2013). Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Korporasi. Jakarta: Kencana Pernada Media.

Pieth, M., and Ivory, R. (Ed). (2011). Corporate Criminal Liability: Emergence, Convergence & Risk. London-New York: Springer.

Pinto, A., and Evans, M. (2003). Corporate Criminal Liability. London: Sweet and Maxwell.

Pontel, H.N., and Geis, G. (2007). International Handbook of White Collar and Corporate Crime. New York: Springer.

Pop, A.I. (2006). “Criminal Liability of Corporations—Comparative Jurisprudence”. Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the King Scholar Program, Michigan State University College of Law.

Priyatno, D. (2017). Sistem Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Korporasi Dalam Kebijakan Legislasi.

Reid, S.T. (1995). Criminal Law. New York: Prentice Hall.

Satria, H. (2017). “Penerapan Pidana Tambahan Dalam Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Korporasi Pada Tindak Pidana Lingkungan Hidup”, Jurnal Yudisial, 10 (2): 156.

Setiyono. (2003). Kejahatan Korporasi: Analisis Victimologis dan Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Korporasi Dalam Hukum Pidana Indonesia. Malang: Bayu Media.

Simpson, S.S. (2005). Corporate Crime, Law and Social Control. New York: Cambridge University.

Sjahdeini, S.R. (2006). Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Korporasi. Jakarta: Grafiti Press.

Sjawie, H.F. (2013). Direksi Perseroan Terbatas serta Pertanggungjawaban Pidana Korporasi. Bandung: PT Citra Aditya Bakti.

Smith, J.C., and Hogan, B. (1998). Criminal Law. London: Butterworths.

Sutrisno, B. (2014). Strategic Step for Environmental Rescue: A Theoretical Legal Studies. Rechtsidee, 1(1), 27-58. doi: http://doi.org/10.21070/jihr.v1i1.98.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20956/halrev.v4i2.1421


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Hasanuddin Law Review (ISSN Online: 2442-9899 | ISSN Print: 2442-9880) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Preserved in LOCKSS, based at Stanford University Libraries, United Kingdom, through PKP Private LOCKSS Network program.
Indexing and Abstracting:
View full indexing services.