Covid-19 Crisis and Environmental Law: Opportunities and Challenges

Nima Norouzi, Elham Ataei

Abstract


With the outbreak of Covid-19 globally, many measures were taken to reduce this epidemic’s effects. The most important of these was the advice to stay home, which became the main line of witness slogans. With this recommendation, schools, offices, and factories were closed. The Covid-19 epidemic has had a profound effect on people’s lifestyles and is likely to have other consequences. The article’s main question is: What opportunities and challenges do the Covid epidemic pose to the environment, and how does it affect environmental rights? Quarantine policies have led to reduced production and transportation and a significant reduction in the pollution caused by these behaviors. Other effects may become apparent immediately. Covid-19 may increase survival damage in the future against contamination. Other developments may occur, including rethinking environmental and economic values and rethinking how resources are allocated and consumed, as Covid-19 affects the global, national, and local economies. Considering each of these consequences and their effects can help to develop environmental law and formulate effective strategies.


Keywords


Covid-19; Environmental Law; Environmental Values; Epidemic; Environmental Consequences.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Diamond, Jared, Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 1997).

Environmental Protection Agency, Water Quality Standards handbook, Chapter 4: Antidegradation (Washington: Environmental Protection Agency Publication, 2012).

Fisher, Elizabeth, A Very Short Introduction to Environmental Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017).

Michael Prieur & Gonzalo Sozzo (2012), US Environmental Law (Brussels: Bruylant Publishing, 2012).

R owell, Arden and Bilz, Kenworthey (forthcoming), The Psychology of Environmental Law (New York: New York University Press, 2012).

Aleksandrova, Ayu, “Modern Features of Tourism Spatial Development”, Geography and tourism, No. 2, (2018).

Andelman, David and Deutcher, Guy, “Kicking the Oil Addiction: Facts and Fiction”, World Policy Journal, No. 32: (2015), 53–61. https:// www. researchgate. net/publication/279251307.

Bobylev, Sergey N., “Environmental Consequences of COVID-19 on the Global and Russian Economics”, Population and Economics, No. 4 (2020), https:// doi.org/ 10.3897/ popecon.4.e53279.

Bidhendi, Mohammad and Shiravand, Mohsen, A Study of Environmental Ethics with the Processing of Gaia Theory and the Philosophical Rule of Expansion of Truth “, Two Quarterly Journal of Religious Anthropology, Twelfth Year, No. 133 (2015).

Corlett, Richard T. et al., “Impacts of the coronavirus pandemic on biodiversity conservation”, (2020), available at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ pmc/articles/PMC7139249.

Di, Qian, “Air Pollution and Mortality in the Medicare Population”, New England Journal of Medicine, No. 376, (2017).

Duvic-Paoli, Anne, Leslie, “COVID-19 Symposium: The COVID-19 Pandemic and the Limits of International Environmental Law, 2020, http://opiniojuris.org/2020/03/30/covid-19-symposium-the-covid-19-pandemicand-the-limits-of-international-environmental-law.

Ferrante Lucas and Fearnside Philip, “Protect Indigenous Peoples from Covid-19”, Science, Vol 368, Issue 6488, (2020), available at: https:// www. researchgate.net/publication/340696998.

Folinas, Sotiris and Metaxas, Theodore, “Tourism: The Great Patient of Coronavirus COVID-2019”, (2020), available at: https://www.researchgate.net/ publication/340771406.

Gerrard, Michael B., “Emergency Exemptions in Law in the Time of COVID-19”, (2020), at https://scholarship.law.columbia.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi? article=1239&context=books (Katharina Pistor, Ed).

Ghavidel Rahimi Yousef, “Gaia Theory and the Formation of New Attitudes in Environmental Sciences”, Journal of Environmental Studies, Volume 33, Number 41, (2007).

Hamwey, Robert, “Environmental impacts of coronavirus crisis, challenges ahead”, UNCTAD, (2020), available at: https:// unctad.org/en/pages/ newsdetails. aspx? OriginalVersionID=2333.

Houngbo, Emile N., “COVID-19 Pandemic and Climate Change: A Thought”, (2020), available at: https://www.researchgate.net/ publication/ 340647628.

Iyer Gurumurthy Vijayan, “Environmental Health Impact Assessment (EHIA) Process for Coronavirus’ Impact towards Sustainable Development”, (2020), https:// www. researchgate. net/ publication/340582707.

Khan, Naushad et. al., “Climate Impact on Corona Virus in the World”, (2020), available at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/340488255.

Robinson, Lisa, “How US Government Agencies Value Mortality Risk Reductions”, Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, Vol. 1, Issue 2, (2007).

Rowell Arden, “Allocating Pollution”, University of Chicago Law Review, Vol. 79, Issue. 3, (2012).

Rowell, Arden and Zeben Josephine van, “Air Pollution” in A Guide to US Environmental Law, California Press, forthcoming (2021).

Rowell, Arden and Zeben, Josephine Van, “The New Status Quo of the Paris Agreement: The Psychological Impact of the 2 Degrees Aspiration”, European Journal of Risk Regulation, (2016), Electronic copy available at: https::////ssrn.com ssrn.com//abstract abstract==2793916.

Singer, Peter and Cavalieri, Paola, “The Two Dark Sides of Covid 19”, Project Syndicate, (2020), https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/wetmarkets-breeding-ground-for-new-coronavirus-by-peter-singer-and-paolacavalieri-2020-03?barrier=accesspaylog.

UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs, “Indigenous Peoples and The Covid-19 Pandemic: Considerations”, (2020), available at: https:// www. un. org/ development/desa/indigenouspeoples/wpcontent/uploads/sites/19/2020/04/COVID19_IP_considerations.pdf.

United Nations Environment Program, “UNEP Frontiers 2016 Report: Emerging Issues of Environmental Concern, (2016).

https://environmentlive.unep.org/media/docs/assessments/UNEP_Frontiers_2016_report_emerging_issues_of_environmental_concern.pdf.

https://scholarship.law.gwu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1679&context=faculty_publications.

https://wwf.panda.org/?200010/Fighting-the-illegal-wildlife-trade, https:// www. nrdc. org/stories/wildlifetrade-101, https://www.google.com/search?sxsrf= ALeKk00HXNci5B.

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2020/apr/20/air-pollution-may-bekey-contributor-to-covid-19-deathsstudy.

https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-openingremarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20956/halrev.v7i1.2772

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Hasanuddin Law Review (ISSN Online: 2442-9899 | ISSN Print: 2442-9880) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Preserved in LOCKSS, based at Stanford University Libraries, United Kingdom, through PKP Private LOCKSS Network program.
 
Indexing and Abstracting:
 
  
 
View full indexing services.