Equal Access to the Vaccination of Covid-19 in Southeast Asia: Can ASEAN be a Catalyst?

Muhammad Insan Tarigan, Raisha Hafandi

Abstract


Since the time Covid-19 was discovered in Southeast Asia, around 2.5 million people have been infected and more than 54 thousand have died by early March 2021. Even though ASEAN members have followed most of the WHO recommendations to deal with Covid-19, cases are still liable to increase. Therefore, vaccine utilization is the best chance which people believe in to fight the pandemic for now. However, the vaccine’s availability and distribution are a dilemma for the ASEAN member countries. Therefore, this article aims to determine the possibility of ASEAN’s role in creating equal access to the Covid-19 vaccine for everyone. According to the juridical normative research, ASEAN is committed to protect and promote human rights and to realize the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). On that basis, the organization tends to play an important role in Covid-19 vaccination in Southeast Asia by cooperating with its partners to research and create the required vaccine.


Keywords


ASEAN; COVID-19; Southeast Asia; Vaccination

Full Text:

PDF

References


ASEAN Biodaspora Virtual Center. (2021). Risk Assessment for International Dissemination of COVID-19 to the ASEAN Region (Vol. 2021). https://asean.org/storage/COVID-19_Report-of-ASEAN-BioDiaspora-Regional-Virtual-Center_26February2021.pdf

Bogdandy, A. von and P. A. V. (2020). The Role of International Law in Vaccinating Against Covid-19: Appraising the Covax Initiative (No. 2020–46; MPIL Research Paper Series).

Djalante, R., Nurhidayah, L., Minh, H. Van, Thi, N., Phuong, N., Mahendradhata, Y., Trias, A., Lassa, J., & Ann, M. (2020). COVID-19 and ASEAN responses: Comparative policy analysis. Progress in Disaster Science, 8(January), 1–12. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2020.100129.

Forman, L., & Kohler, J. C. (2020). Global health and human rights in the time of COVID-19: Response, restrictions, and legitimacy. Journal of Human Rights, 19(5), 547–556. https://doi.org/10.1080/14754835.2020.1818556.

FORUM-ASIA. (2020). Human Rights in Southeast Asia in Times of Pandemic. https://humanrightsinasean.info/wp-content/uploads/2020/09/LO-CovidASIAF3.pdf.

Gavi. (2020). “Sustainable Development Goals”. Available Online from: https://www.gavi.org/our-alliance/global-health-development/sustainable-development-goals. [Accessed March 26, 2021]

Gostin, L. O., Karim, S. A., & Mason Meier, B. (2020). Facilitating Access to a COVID-19 Vaccine through Global Health Law. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics, 48(3), 622–626. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073110520958892.

Human Rights Watch. (2020). “Whoever Finds the Vaccine Must Share It” Strengthening Human Rights and Transparency around Covid-19 Vaccines. Report, (October 2020). https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/media_2020/10/globalvaccine 1020_web.pdf.

Institute for Human Rights and Business. (2020). Respecting Human Rights in the Time of the COVID-19 Pandemic: Examining Companies’ Responsibilities for Workers and Affected Communities. at https://www.ihrb.org/focus-areas/covid-19/report-respecting-.

Kaufman, R. E. (2011). Using Human Rights Mechanisms of the United Nations to Advance Economic Justice. Journal of Poverty Law and Policy, 1(6), 259–267.

Kilic T, Michler J. (2020). Socio-Economic Impacts of COVID-19 in Four African Countries: Watch the Event Recording. Available at: https://www.worldbank.org/en/ programs/lsms/brief/socioeconomic-impacts-of-covid-19-in-four-african-countries-watch-the-event-recording. [Accessed March 19, 2021]

Moon, S., Rottingen, J. A., & Frenk, J. (2017). Global public goods for health: Weaknesses and opportunities in the global health system. Health Economics, Policy and Law, 12(2), 195–205. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1744133116000451.

Mukarram, M. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Strategic Analysis, 44(3), 253–258. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 09700161.2020.1788363.

Nigam, Shalu. (2021). Ensuring Vaccine Equity, Erasing Vaccine Nationalism: Upholding the Human Rights and Justice Framework (April 15, 2021). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3827273 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3827273.

OECD. (2021). Access to COVID-19 vaccines: Global approaches in a global crisis. In OECD Policy Responses to Coronavirus (Issue March). https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/ policy-responses/access-to-covid-19-vaccines-global-approaches-in-a-global-crisis-c6a18370/.

OECD. (2021). Coronavirus (COVID-19) vaccines for developing countries: An equal shot at recovery. In OECD Policy Responses to Coronavirus (Issue February). https://www.oecd.org/coronavirus/policy-responses/coronavirus-covid-19-vaccines-for-developing-countries-an-equal-shot-at-recovery-6b0771e6/#blocknotes-d7e2077.

Rahayu, S., & Sulistiadi, W. (2020). The Effectiveness of COVID-19 Countermeasure Policy Implementation in Seven ASEAN Countries. Journal of Indonesian Health Policy and Administration, 5(2), 43–49. https://doi.org/10.7454/ihpa.v5i2.3880.

Saunders, J. (2020). Covid-19 and Human Rights. Oxfam Discussion Paper. 1-48.

Seshaiyer, P., & McNeely, C. L. (2020). Challenges and Opportunities From COVID-19 for Global Sustainable Development. World Medical and Health Policy, 12(4), 443–453. https://doi.org/10.1002/wmh3.380.

Strangio, Sebastian. (2021). Southeast Asia COVID-19 Vaccine Coverage a Long Way Off: Report, Available Online from: https://thediplomat.com/2021/01/southeast-asia-covid-19-vaccine-coverage-a-long-way-off-report/. [Accessed March 20, 2021]

Sumner, A., Hoy, C., & Ortiz-Juarez, E. (2020). Estimates of the impact of COVID-19 on global poverty. UNU WIDER Working Paper 2020/43, April, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.35188/UNU-WIDER/2020/800-9.

Terzakis, K., & Maren Klein. (2021). SDG 17: Partnerships for the Goals. Policy Brief. 1-8.

UNDP. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 on the Sustainable Development Goals: Pursuing the SDGs in a World Reshaped by COVID-19. https://sdgintegration.undp.org/ sites/default/files/Impact_of_COVID-19_on_the_SDGs.pdf.

United Nations Human Rights. (2020). Human Rights and Access to Covid-19 Vaccines. In Human Rights at The Heart of Response. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG. https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845273945.

United Nations. (2020). The Impact of COVID-19 on South-East Asia. Policy Briefs, 1–29.

World Health Organization, World Trade Organization and World Intellectual Property Organization. (2020). Promoting Access to Medical Technologies and Innovation (2nd ed.). WHO, WTO and WIPO. https://doi.org/10.30875/fa323700-en.

Wouters, O. J., Shadlen, K. C., Salcher-konrad, M., Pollard, A. J., Larson, H. J., Teerawattananon, Y., & Jit, M. (2021). Health Policy Challenges in ensuring global access to COVID-19 vaccines: production, affordability, allocation, and deployment. The Lancet, 397(10278), 1023–1034. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(21)00306-8.

Zen, F., Komazawa, O., Gross, J., Menon, J., Zen, F., Komazawa, O., & Gross, J. (2019). Leave No One Behind. In Kimura, F., V. Anbumozhi, H. Nishimura. (eds.). Transforming and Deepening the ASEAN Community (Issue May, pp. 147–162). Jakarta: ERIA.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.20956/halrev.v7i2.2875

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Hasanuddin Law Review (ISSN Online: 2442-9899 | ISSN Print: 2442-9880) is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Preserved in LOCKSS, based at Stanford University Libraries, United Kingdom, through PKP Private LOCKSS Network program.
 
Indexing and Abstracting:
 
  
 
View full indexing services.